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util-linux 2.10s:

* Danish messages (Claus Hindsgaul)
* fixes to make gcc happy (Joseph S. Myers)
* fix for more on parisc (Richard Hirst)
* change rdev to search subdirectories of /dev (Paul Clements)
* ul fix (Masao Kawamura) - set columns correctly
* cal fix (Brendan Kehoe) - don't overflow weekday array in Gaelic
* fdisk fix (niles@scyld.com) - flush stdout
* fdisk fix - don't forget to write out empty label
* login: make default tty mode 0600
* script: refuse to write typescript if that is a symlink
* script: accept -V to output version
* whereis: also search /usr/share/man.
* hwclock: improve locale handling
* hwclock: fix for Nautilus (Neoklis Kyriazis)
* isosize: new

util-linux 2.10r:

* mount: support mount by uuid or label for xfs (Nathan Scott)
* mount: added probe for minix on bigendian systems (Nathan Scott)
* mount: added probes for cramfs, hfs, hpfs and adfs (Sepp Wijnands)
* mount: change setup; let umount remove at most one line from /etc/mtab
* mount: improve man page
* more, col, colcrt, colrm, column, ul: nls improvements (Masao Kawamura)

util-linux 2.10q:

* mount: accept nonnumeric uid= and gid= options
* write and wall: security improvement
* fixed fdformat flaw (Werner Almesberger)
* use right mountport upon umount (Glenn Lingle)
* simpleinit / need / initctl stuff (Richard Gooch)
* Portuguese messages (Rodrigo Stulzer Lopes et al.)

util-linux 2.10p:

* mount: don't set up a loop file with -o loop,remount (Marc Mutz)
* fdisk: changes for sectorsize different from 512
* more: standout fix (Paul Vojta)
* more: improve usage message (Lincoln Myers)
* logger: Added -d option to use datagrams (Gerwin Pfab)
* cal: Added -3 option to also print prev/next month (Michael Charles Pruznick)
* French messages (Christophe Merlet)
* Japanese messages (Daisuke Yamashita)

util-linux 2.10o:

* fdformat: fixed to work with kernel 2.4.0test6 (Marek Wojtowicz)
* losetup: also return status when only showing loop device status (ewt)
* mount: do not retry ro if mount was ro; improve error message
* login: not installed suid
* getopt: by default install aux files in /usr/share/misc

util-linux 2.10n:

* added blockdev.8
* change to elvtune (andrea)
* fixed overrun in agetty (vii@penguinpowered.com)
* shutdown: prefer umounting by mount point (rgooch)
* fdisk: added plan9
* fdisk: remove empty links in chain of extended partitions
* mount: define ALWAYS_STAT
* mount: add replace, after, before, over, bind
* umount: also free loop device when not writing mtab
* lomount: try both /dev/loopN and /dev/loop/N
* hwclock: handle both /dev/rtc and /dev/efirtc (Bill Nottingham)
* script: added -f (flush) option (Ivan Schreter)
* script: added -q (quiet) option (Per Andreas Buer)
* getopt: updated to version 1.1.0 (Frodo Looijaard)
* Czech messages (Jiri Pavlovsky)

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util-linux 2.10m:

* chfn fix when PAM is used (Martin-D. Lacasse)
* do not use LC_NUMERIC part of locale in hwclock when writing /etc/adjtime
* mount status return from smb or ncp fix (Mark Peloquin)
* mount new option -l: also print label when listing mounts
* mount add heuristic for xfs (Martin K. Petersen)
* mount UUID and label cache (Erik Troan)
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* mount improve check for `already mounted' in case of label or uuid
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* fdisk partition names more devfs-friendly
* fdisk bsdlabel large disk support
* setterm.1: options documented (Colin Watson)
* rename correction
* German, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese messages
  (Roger Luethi, Beth Powell, Alvaro Antunes)

util-linux 2.10l:

* Merged losetup.c and lomount.c
* ANSIfied everything

util-linux 2.10k:

* NFS version 4 mount support (Trond Myklebust)
* hwclock fix (Stefan Ring)
* Added -p option to col, as required by SUS (Joseph S. Myers)

util-linux 2.10j:

* fdisk fixes (Michal Jaegermann)

util-linux 2.10i:

* new directory partx (with code to play with, not to use)
* minor fdisk changes

util-linux 2.10h:

* Added pivot_root (Werner Almesberger)
* Added elvtune (Andrea Arcangeli)
* Added need and extended simpleinit and shutdown (Richard Gooch)
* Removed all #include <linux/fs.h>
* errno fixes (Joseph S. Myers)
* IA-64 fixes (Michael K. Johnson)
* fdisk fixes for OSF/1 on Alpha (David Huggins-Daines)
* fdisk sectorsize fix (Greg Hosler)
* mount speed= option to enable mounting bad CDROMs (Marco d'Itri)
* ipcrm deletes several things at once (Frank Zago)

util-linux 2.10g:

* fdisk can now sort partitions into order [untested, beware!]
* Update of mkswap for sparc64 (jj)
* Update of raw (Stephen Tweedie):
  Control file was /dev/raw, now /dev/rawctl
  Access files were /dev/raw*, now /dev/raw/raw*
* Czech messages (Jiri Pavlovsky)
* German messages (Daniel Egger)
* losetup locks memory (Frank v Waveren)

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util-linux 2.10f:

* Security fix for mount (okir)
* Avoid infinite loop in namei (Brett Wuth)
* added clock-ppc.c (from Matsuura Takanori), not merged yet
* deleted clockB subdirectory
* recognize mkdosfs string (Michal Svec)

util-linux 2.10e:

* New: rename
* Added option to mkswap so that user can override pagesize
* fdisk -l now reads /proc/partitions when no device was given
* Fixed fdisk.8 (James Manning)
* Added devpts info to mount.8 (Elrond)
* Newline fix for logger output to stdout (Henri Spencer)

util-linux 2.10d:

* Do not try to mount something as udf without good reason
* Do not loop in umount if there is a stale lock file
* Allow fdisk twice as many cylinders
* Fixed non-casefolding search in look (Markus Demleitner)

util-linux 2.10c:

* Various compilation fixes

util-linux 2.10b:

* Fixed smbmount problem (Andrew Tridgell)
* Fixed ddate problem with the day after St. Tib's Day (Brad)
* German messages (Elrond)
* Made kill a bit more standard compliant
* Made some more programs output a version

util-linux 2.10a:

* Japanese messages (Daisuke Yamashita)
* French messages and several Debian fixes (Vincent Renardias)
* Fixed infinite loop in mkfs.minix

util-linux 2.10:

* Added BSD disklabel code to rescuept
* Added blockdev utility
* Fix losetup return code
* Fix unit display in cfdisk
* Do not redefine _PATH_MAILDIR (so that recent systems can have /var/mail)
* Added --localtime option to hwclock;
  added third line (LOCAL/UTC) to /etc/adjtime.
* Add -H option to agetty (David Holland)

util-linux 2.9z:

* Japanese messages (Daisuke Yamashita)
* Czech messages (Jiri Pavlovsky)
* Added some udf stuff to mount.8
* Added ioctl for fdisk on bsdlabels

util-linux 2.9y:

* Wide character support (Bruno Haible)
* German messages and some small fixes (Elrond)
* Small fix to owner mount option (Erik Troan)
* Don't sleep so long in clock/kd.c (Christian T. Steigies)

util-linux 2.9x:

* German messages and a i18n fix (Elrond)
* mount option: allow the owner to mount a device (RedHat)
* ugly: let login open console with O_NONBLOCK (Maciej W. Rozycki)
* UGLY: let login ignore mail that is precisely 523 bytes long (RedHat)
* added mkfs.bfs, mkfs.bfs.8
* mount now recognizes qnx4 and bfs partitions
* rescuept now recognizes Unixware partitions
* hwclock fix on m68k (Roman Hodek)
* several minor things

util-linux 2.9w:

* Updated mount.8 (Yann Droneaud)
* Improved makefiles
* Fixed flaw in fdisk

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util-linux 2.9v:

* cfdisk no longer believes the kernel's HDGETGEO
  (and may be able to partition a 2 TB disk)

util-linux 2.9u:

* Czech more.help and messages (Ji Pavlovsk)
* Japanese messages (Daisuke Yamashita)
* fdisk fix (Klaus G. Wagner)
* mount fix (Hirokazu Takahashi)
* agetty: enable hardware flow control (Thorsten Kranzkowski)
* minor cfdisk improvements
* fdisk no longer accepts a default device
* Makefile fix

util-linux 2.9t:

* national language support for hwclock
* Japanese messages (both by Daisuke Yamashita)
* German messages and some misc i18n fixes (Elrond)
* Czech messages (Ji Pavlovsk)
* wall fixed for /dev/pts/xx ttys
* make last and wall use getutent() (Sascha Schumann)
  [Maybe this is bad: last reading all of wtmp may be too slow.
   Revert in case people complain.]
* documented UUID= and LABEL= in fstab.5
* added some partition types
* swapon: warn only if verbose

util-linux 2.9s:

* tunelp patch (Andrea Arcangeli)
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* fixed mount race (HJLu)
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* German messages (Elrond)

util-linux 2.9[pqr]:

* errno->errsv patch (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo)
* hwclock patch for the Award 4.50g BIOS "2094" bug. (Dave Coffin)
* fdisk patch to correct deletion of last logical partition

util-linux 2.9o:

* fix to login by Ambrose C. Li
* improvement to mcookie inspired by a patch from Rik Faith
* more i18n by Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo; pt_BR locale

util-linux 2.9n:

* Added -u option to logger (write to user-specified socket; Martin Schultze)
* Added mount.smb script contributed by Greg Galperin
* Some more national language support
* mkfs.minix argument parsing fixed
* write fixed for /dev/pts/xx ttys
* configure adapted for the case of <scsi/scsi.h> that needs u_char.

util-linux 2.9m:

* Added national language support (misiek@misiek.eu.org)
* minor improvements in mount, fdisk, cfdisk, agetty, more

util-linux 2.9l:

* Added /dev/port use to hwclock again - it may be necessary for Jensen.

util-linux 2.9k:

* major reshuffle of hwclock stuff; added sparc and alpha code
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* fdisk fix
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* tiny shutdown fix

util-linux 2.9j:

* added configure
* merged three lists of partition types in *fdisk
* multi page display in cfdisk
* test for getlogin() == "";
* start fixup hwclock

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util-linux 2.9i:

* fixed 2.9h typo in more
* added -m: `Monday is 1st day' option to cal (Jean-Francois Bignolles)
* changed PAM stuff in login.c (+- mjohnson)
* added warning to cfdisk in case of multiple bootable partitions
* added 2048-byte sector support in fdisk (Oliver Schaertel)

util-linux 2.9h:

* mount recognizes "uid=useruid" and "gid=usergid" in /etc/fstab.
* documented the fact that "mount -t smb" will call /sbin/mount.smb.
* mount gives clear error message when fstab does not end in newline.
* swapon checks mode of file
* cfdisk got a more specific exit status (Enrique Zanardi)

util-linux 2.9g:

* mount updates (locking, "users" keyword, "/etc/filesystems",
  "proto" and "vers" options in nfsmount, ...)

util-linux 2.9f:

* made ul handle lines of arbitrary length (Scott Maxwell)
* killed some C/H/S nonsense in fdisk
* fixes for archs with unsigned char type (Ambrose Li)
* fdisk fixes for power pc (Tom Rini)
* added a define for NCURSES_CONST
* fixes for list of signals in kill.c
* fixes for user name length in last.c

util-linux 2.9e:

* added a forgotten declaration to login.c (Christian Oyarzun)
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util-linux 2.9d:
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* fixed segfault in umount caused by Wilcox' patch (Steffen Zahn)
* added lnz stuff to fdisk
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util-linux 2.9c:
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* refixed PAM stuff in login.c that was broken in 2.8.
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util-linux 2.9b:
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* split README into INSTALL and HISTORY
* added a sentence to swapon.8
* behaviour of write on non-ASCII fixed
* hwclock adapted to survive a failing mktime()
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util-linux 2.9a:
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* added an include to lib/my_reboot.c so that __GLIBC__ is defined
* added setlocale() to login-utils/chfn.c
* do not recompute MAIL in login-utils/login.c

util-linux 2.9:

HIGHLIGHTS for version 2.9:

1) Removed programs:
   - strings. There is a version in binutils.
   - frag. (Moved to historic in 2.4, crept back in 2.5. Gone again.)
1a) Not yet removed program:
   - setfdprm. It also is in fdutils-5.2 (with an exceptionally
     ugly man page).
1b) Removed directory:
   - bsd. (The routine getopt() is in libc. err() moved to lib.)
2) Improvements:
   - ddate has been fixed to count down to the new, right X-day
   - look is now willing to search non-English dictionaries
     (i.e., uses locale)
   - cal now knows that Dutch day abbreviations have length 2 only
   - mcookie does not block when no random stuff is available
   - shutdown got a configuration file /etc/shutdown.conf
   - fdisk now reads SGI disk labels (thanks to Andreas Neuper)
   - mkswap now knows about new swap areas; mkswap.8 has been rewritten
   - umount knows about umount2() and forced unmounting of nfs mounts
     (however, I don't think it really works)
   - mount is now willing to handle file names with embedded spaces
   - mount can now mount things by UUID or volume name
3) Uglifications:
   - swap.h has been replaced by a private swap_constants.h since
     <linux/swap.h> does not compile
   - reboot has become a private routine, since libc5 and glibc2 conflict
   - a mkminix-0.1 directory contains some patches to let mkfs.minix
     work under DOS. (Untested.)
4) Numerous other small changes.

0xF) Send questions and/or patches to util-linux@math.uio.no

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util-linux 2.9 was released by Andries Brouwer - aeb@cwi.nl
The address util-linux@math.uio.no reaches Rik, Andries, Peter,
Michael, Erik, Nicolai and possibly others.  Hwclock stuff is
forwarded to Bryan.

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util-linux 2.8:
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HIGHLIGHTS for version 2.8:

1) New programs:
   - getopt(1) by Frodo Looijaard replaces the older bsd based version.
     Keywords: Backward compatible, supports --long options.
1) Removed programs: 
   - chroot: is no longer in util-linux.  Get it free with GNU sh-utils
   - hostid: No-one could figure out the right way for this program to
		work.  Another hostid program is included in poeigl
		(see the LSM, Primary-site: ftp.daimi.aau.dk /pub/linux/poe)
2) Various portability enhancements.  Among other things hwclock now works
   a lot better on non Intel architectures.  Should compile with libc 4, 5
   and 6 as well as old and recent kernels.  People using non-intel hardware
   are encouraged to send patches.
3) rev now only limits linelength to memory capacity
4) dmesg now uses a buffer that matches the kernel buffer in size (8KB)


util-linux 2.7:

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HIGLIGHTS for version 2.7:

1) util-linux now _requires_ ncurses.  Several programs are completely
   converted to use terminfo (instead of termcap).

2) Removed progams:
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   - clock: Dropped entirely.  Use hwclock (included).
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   - sync: is in gnu fileutils.
   - setserial: Is being maintained by Ted Ts'o, he recommends
	setserial-2.12 (2.13 is bad luck)
   - clear: Included in ncurses
   - hostname, domainname, dnsdomainname: It's in net-utils.
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   - lpcntl.
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3) Bugfixes, additions:
   - cfdisk: A much improved version. All known bugs have been fixed.
   - sfdisk: A command line fdisk type utility, formerly called fdisk-3.04.
   - SECURITY: All known holes in login, chfn, chsh and others have been
     plugged.  UPGRADE NOW if you haven't already fixed them yourself.
   - Should work with libc 4, 5 and 6 (gnulibc), on m68k, intel, alpha
     and sparc.

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4) Problems:
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   - The rpcgen that comes in NetKit-B-0.09 is broken.  At least as
     packaged with RedHat 4.2 (NetKit-B-0.09-6).  There are several
     ways to deal with this:
     - Don't run rpcgen, the needed pre-generated sources are included
       (nfsmount_xdr.c).  You must hack mount/Makefile to do this.
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     - Edit the source emitted by rpcgen so it can compile.  This is very
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       simple if you know C.
     - Disable the NFS parts of mount.  You have to edit mount/Makefile
       to do this.
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     - Use some other rpcgen.
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util-linux 2.6.1

This release was never made public

See notes for 2.6 for installation instructions.

This is a incremental release containing some fixes.  A new release
will be made later fixing the outstanding bugs.
- Things compiles and works better with recent releases of kernel, 
  ncurses, and so forth: fdisk, more
- Some fixes to make things compile out of the box on alphas.
- There has been reported a problem with login and /etc/usertty.  It
  should be fixed.  If you still have problems get a recent MAKEDEV and 
  use it to make new tty devices.  They were renumbered sometime during
  the 1.3 phase of the kernel.
- ipcs now displays the key of the structures.
- A (harmless?) overflow bug was fixed in login.

Outstanding bugs:
- login/getty has a denial of service problem.
- Several places needs a bit more polish.
- There are a _lot_ of nonfatal warnings when compiling mount.  This will
  not necesarily be fixed.


util-linux 2.6

HIGHLIGHTS for version 2.6:

0) The first release with me at the helm.  PLEASE SEND PATCHES AND
   UPDATES TO: util-linux@math.uio.no.

1) Removed programs:
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   - md5sum, dsplit: available in GNU textutils.
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   - syslogd: Sysklogd is now prefered.  It is available at 
	tsx-11.mit.edu:/pub/sources/sbin
	sunsite.unc.edu:/pub/Linux/system/Daemons

2) Bugfixes, additions: 
   - SECURITY: All known holes in mount have been fixed.  UPGRADE NOW
     if you haven't already!
   - Portability enhancments to the minix filesystem utils (m68k and
     Arm patches).
   - passwd/chsh/chfn will not mess up the passwd file on a NIS machine
   - others too numerous to enumerate.

3) New programs: 
   - vigr (it's like vipw)
   - Introducing hwclock.  A complete rewrite of the latest available
     clock source.  It supports intel/CMOS, /dev/rtc and linux/m68k
     system clock interfaces.  Clock supports the same things but is now
     obsolete and will not be present in the next release.  Start using
     hwclock now.  Please.


util-linux 2.5
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HIGHLIGHTS for version 2.5:
0) Nicolai Langfeldt is taking over maintenance of util-linux, with the
   help of a few others (Michael K. Johnson, Andries Brouwer, and Rik
   Faith).

   PLEASE SEND PATCHES AND UPDATES TO: util-linux@math.uio.no

1) The following packages have been removed.  Please use the up-to-date,
   canonical versions of these packages from the listed places:

    timezone support (/usr/lib/zoneinfo, libz.a, zic, zdump):
        elsie.nci.nih.gov:/pub/tzcode95d.tar.gz
        elsie.nci.nih.gov:/pub/tzdata95h.tar.gz
    MAKEDEV-C:
        sunsite.unc.edu:/pub/Linux/system/Admin/MAKEDEV-C-1.5.tar.gz
    MAKEDEV:
        sunsite.unc.edu:/pub/Linux/system/Admin/MAKEDEV-2.2.tar.gz
    md5sum:
        prep.ai.mit.edu:/pub/gnu/textutils-1.3.tar.gz
        [The GNU version is now compatible with the Plumb/Lankester
        version.]
    ksymoops:
        Now bundled with the kernel in linux/scripts.

2) update_state has been removed
3) fdisk now supports NetBSD disklabels courtesy of Bernhard Fastenrath
   <fasten@athene.informatik.uni-bonn.de> (and > 8GB disks, courtesy of
   Andries Brouwer)
4) mount improved -- many patches from Andries Brouwer for greatly improved
   error reporting
5) ddate, chkdupexe, and other programs have been improved and bug fixed
6) util-linux is now a source-only distribution
7) mcookie generates better random numbers and will use /dev/random or
   /dev/audio if available
8) chfn, chsh, passwd, and vipw have been updated with security patches
   from Zefram <A.Main@dcs.warwick.ac.uk>.  Now, they all use the same
   locking, and several security holes have been patched.  Further, chsh
   and chfn can be configured at compile time to require a password before
   updates and chsh can be configured to only use shells from /etc/shells.
        

HIGHLIGHTS for version 2.4 (2.3 was never released):
0) Michael K. Johnson <johnsonm@nigel.vnet.net> is the interim maintainer
   while Rik Faith is working on PhD work.
1) login now makes the login tty mode 600 and places it in group "tty"
2) wall, and write will not write dangerous escape sequences
3) wall and write can be run setgid "tty".  If util-linux is compiled for
   this option, "mesg y" will only set group write instead of group/other
   write.
4) fdisk and cfdisk have been patched with the latest llseek.c.  Although I
   had a lot of bug reports about fdisk from util-linux-2.2, I was unable
   to reproduce any of the problems.  Some of the problems appeared to be
   releated to a failure to reboot the machine after changing the partition
   table, and some may have been due to a specific kernel revision problem.
   However, this doesn't seem to account for all of the bug reports -- if
   this version gives you problem, please send as complete a bug report as
   possible.
5) chkdupexe from Nicolai Langfeldt (janl@ifi.uio.no)
6) ctrlaltdel now installs into /sbin instead of /usr/sbin
7) mkfs replacement from Ron Sommeling (sommel@sci.kun.nl)
8) lpcntl removed.  Use tunelp instead.
9) ksymoops from Greg McGary <gkm@magilla.cichlid.com>
10) mkfs.minix now clears the first 512 bytes of the file system so that
    Minix disks won't be confused with MSDOS disks (Daniel Quinlan
    (quinlan@yggdrasil.com))
11) mkswap should now work on an Alpha running Linux
12) frag removed.  See
    sunsite.unc.edu:/pub/Linux/system/Filesystems/defrag-0.6.tar.gz for the
    latest version.
13) mount patches from Andries.Brouwer@cwi.nl and Dan Quinlan
    (quinlan@yggdrasil.com).
14) MAKEDEV and MAKEDEV-C updated to the latest versions.
15) Paths updated for FSSTND 1.2.  This means that you may need to make
    some links.  The links you need to make we system dependent.  The
    ultimate goal is to rename /var/adm to /var/log and have a symbolic
    link from /var/adm to /var/log during the transition period.  If you
    are running an ELF system, you probably won't have to do anything.  The
    bottom line is that the following files must exist or be pointers to
    the old version (used internally by the a.out libraries):

             New                 Old

        /var/log/wtmp       /var/adm/wtmp
        /var/log/lastlog    /var/adm/lastlog
        /var/run/utmp       /var/adm/utmp
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HIGHLIGHTS for version 2.2:
1) This is primarily a quick bug-fix release for version 2.1
2) mkfs wrapper added back in, since e2fsprogs only supplies an fsck wrapper
3) selection removed, since someone appears to be maintaining it now.  See
   sunsite.unc.edu:/pub/linux/kernel/patches/console for recent sources.
   For the time being, I'm keeping a copy in the historic subdirectory of
   util-linux.  A "make install" should work find from within that
   directory.
4) Note that other floppy utilities are available from:
    ftp.imag.fr:pub/Linux/ZLIBC/fdutils/fdutils-4.1.src.tar.gz
    sunsite.unc.edu:/pub/Linux/system/Misc/fdutils-4.1.src.tar.gz
    tsx-11.mit.edu:/pub/linux/sources/sbin/fdutils-4.1.src.tar.gz


HIGHLIGHTS for version 2.1:

1) Directory structure rearrange, with configuration support for those who
   use shadow passwords and System V init (no support is provided for these
   things, but your utilities won't get overwritten if you do a "make
   install" after you properly edit MCONFIG).
2) fdisk and cfdisk should work as expected with 2GB+ disk drives
3) As usual, lots of stuff was updated and added, including mount, vipw,
   readprofile
4) Some stuff was also deleted, and can now be found elsewhere:
    fsck wrapper: tsx-11.mit.edu:/pub/linux/ALPHA/ext2fs/e2fsprogs*
    pwd, su: prep.ai.mit.edu:/pub/gnu/sh-utils*
    ed: prep.ai.mit.edu:/pub/gnu/ed*
    od: prep.ai.mit.edu:/pub/gnu/textutils*
    uudecode/uuencode: prep.ai.mit.edu:/pub/gnu/sharutils*
    bdflush/update: ftp.funet.fi:/pub/OS/Linux/PEOPLE/Linus/v1.1/bdflush*



PARTIAL HISTORY OF UTIL-LINUX:

bsd:
    Nothing in this directory gets installed, but some BSD programs need
    this support:
        err.c: 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93
        err.h: 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/2/93
        getopt.c: 4.13 (Berkeley) 2/23/91
        pathnames.h: 5.3 (Berkeley) 5/9/89 with extensive modifications for
                     Linux

disk-utils:
    cfdisk: 0.8 BETA (>2GB) from Kevin E. Martin (martin@cs.unc.edu) with
            modifications for disks > 2GB.
            ftp.cs.unc.edu:/pub/users/martin/linux/cfdisk-0.8.tar.gz
    fdformat: Werner Almesberger (almesber@nessie.cs.id.ethz.ch), with
              modifications by Marcel Mol (marcel@dutecad.et.tudelft.nl)).
              Later, updated with a September 1992 version by Werner.
    fdisk: A. V. Le Blanc (LeBlanc@mcc.ac.uk) fdisk 1.5 release, with
           patched from Kevin Martin for DOS and OS/2 compatibility (1.5a);
           Rik Faith (1.5b, 2.0).
    fsck.minix, mkfs.minix: Linus Torvalds, with modifications by: Rik
                            Faith (faith@cs.unc.edu), Scott Heavner
                            (sdh@po.cwru.edu), Dr. Wettstein
                            (greg%wind.uucp@plains.nodak.edu), Daniel
                            Quinlan (quinlan@yggdrasil.com).
654 655 656
    mkfs: David Engel (david@ods.com) and Fred N. van Kempen
          (waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG)
          Version 1.9 from Ron Sommeling (sommel@sci.kun.nl)
657 658
    mkswap: Linus Torvalds, with modifications by Mike Jagdis
            (jaggy@purplet.demon.co.uk. )
659 660
            Version for Alpha from
            cage.cs.arizona.edu:/pub/davidm/linux/mkswap-axp-950503.tar.gz
661 662 663 664 665
    setfdprm: Werner Almesberger (almesber@nessie.cs.id.ethz.ch)
              Note that more floppy utilities are available from:
                ftp.imag.fr:pub/Linux/ZLIBC/fdutils/fdutils-4.1.src.tar.gz
                sunsite.unc.edu:/pub/Linux/system/Misc/fdutils-4.1.src.tar.gz
                tsx-11.mit.edu:/pub/linux/sources/sbin/fdutils-4.1.src.tar.gz
666 667
    llseek.c: from Remy Card's e2fsprogs-0.5b.tar.gz (21Mar95 version) from:
                sunsite.unc.edu:/pub/Linux/system/Filesystems/ext2
668 669 670

games:
    banner: (8.3 (Berkeley) 4/2/94)
671
            ftp.cdrom.com:/pub/bsd-sources/4.4BSD-Lite/usr/src/usr.bin
672 673 674

login-utils:
    agetty: W. Z. Venema, ported by Peter Orbaek <poe@daimi.aau.dk>.
675
            ftp.daimi.aau.dk:/pub/linux/poe/poeigl-1.37.tar.gz
676 677 678 679
    chfn: Salvatore Valente <svalente@athena.mit.edu>
    chsh: Salvatore Valente <svalente@athena.mit.edu>
    last: 5.11 w/year (Berkeley) 6/29/88; Port by Michael Haardt with
          changes by Peter Orbaek.
680
          ftp://ftp.daimi.aau.dk/pub/linux/poe/admutil-1.16.tar.gz
681
    login: 5.40 (Berkeley) 5/9/89; with ports by Michael Glad and Peter Orbaek
682 683 684
           ftp.daimi.aau.dk:/pub/linux/poe/poeigl-1.37.tar.gz
    mesg: 8.2 (Berkeley) 1/21/94
          ftp.cdrom.com:/pub/bsd-sources/4.4BSD-Lite/usr/src/usr.bin
685
    newgrp: Michael Haardt, with modifications by Peter Orbaek.
686
            ftp://ftp.daimi.aau.dk/pub/linux/poe/admutil-1.16.tar.gz
687 688
    passwd: Peter Orbaek, with yp modifications by Alvaro Martinez
            Echevarria (alvaro@enano.etsit.upm.es)
689
            ftp://ftp.daimi.aau.dk/pub/linux/poe/admutil-1.16.tar.gz
690 691
    shutdown: Peter Orbaek, with new modifications by Stephen Tweedie, Rik
              Faith, and Dave (gentzel@nova.enet.dec.com).
692
              ftp://ftp.daimi.aau.dk/pub/linux/poe/admutil-1.16.tar.gz
693
    simpleinit: Peter Orbaek
694
                ftp.daimi.aau.dk:/pub/linux/poe/poeigl-1.37.tar.gz
695 696
    vipw: 5.16 (Berkeley) 3/3/91, with modifications by Mike Grupenhoff
          <kashmir@umiacs.UMD.EDU> 
697
    wall: 8.2 (Berkeley) 11/16/93 (With changes so that damaging escape
698
          sequences cannot be sent.)
699
          ftp.cdrom.com:/pub/bsd-sources/4.4BSD-Lite/usr/src/usr.bin
700 701 702 703 704 705


misc-utils:
    cal: 8.4 (Berkeley) 4/2/94, with modifications by Rik Faith and
         Hein@student.tu-clausthal.de (Jochen Hein).
         ftp.cdrom.com:/pub/bsd-sources/4.4BSD-Lite/usr/src/usr.bin
706
    chkdupexe: Version 1.2 from "Nicolai Langfeldt" <janl@ifi.uio.no>
707
    clear: Rik Faith
708 709 710
    ddate: Druel the Chaotic aka Jeremy Johnson aka mpython@gnu.ai.mit.edu,
           with modifications by Lee Harvey Oswald Smith, K.S.C. and
           substantial updates from Rev. Bro. Lee H:. O:. Smith, KYTP
711
    domainname: Peter Orbaek
712
            ftp.daimi.aau.dk:/pub/linux/poe/poeigl-1.37.tar.gz
713 714 715 716
    dsplit: David Arnstein (arnstein@netcom.com)
            gatekeeper.dec.com:/pub/usenet/comp.sources.misc/volume40/dsplit
    getopt (getoptprog): jhunix.hcf.jhu.edu:
           /pub/public_domain_software/NetBSD/usr/src/usr.bin/getopt
717 718
	   replaced by getopt-1.0.3.tar.gz from Frodo Looijaard,
	   found at http://huizen.dds.nl/~frodol
719
    hostid: Mitch DSouza (m.dsouza@mrc-apu.cam.ac.uk)
720
            ftp.daimi.aau.dk:/pub/linux/poe/poeigl-1.37.tar.gz
721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746
    hostname/dnsdomainname: Peter Tobias <tobias@server.et-inf.fho-emden.de>
              This version (1.6) should also be available soon in:
              nic.funet.fi:/pub/OS/Linux/PEOPLE/Linus/net-source/base/NetKit-A*
    kill: BSD version, modified by Salvatore Valente <svalente@mit.edu>
    logger: 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/6/93, with modifications by Rik Faith
            ftp.cdrom.com:/pub/bsd-sources/4.4BSD-Lite/usr/src/usr.bin
    look.c: 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/14/93, with modifications by Rik Faith
            ftp.cdrom.com:/pub/bsd-sources/4.4BSD-Lite/usr/src/usr.bin
    mcookie: Rik Faith (faith@cs.unc.edu)
    md5sum: Branki Lankester and Colin Plumb.  The MD5 message-digest
            algorithm is in the Public Domain.  This implementation
            calculates message-digest information only, and can NOT be used
            for encryption.  Therefore it is exportable from the USA.
            Original sources in the MIT version of PGP 2.6.2.
    namei: Roger S. Southwick, with modifications by Steve Tell.
    reset: Rik Faith
    script: 5.13 (Berkeley) 3/5/91, with modifications by Rick Sladkey
            (jrs@world.std.com), Harald Koenig
            (koenig@nova.tat.physik.uni-tuebingen.de).
    setterm: Gordon Irlam (gordoni@cs.ua.oz.au), with modifications by
             Peter MacDonald, Mika Liljeberg (liljeber@cs.Helsinki.FI),
             John Walder (j-walder@uiuc.edu) [for dosemu].
    tsort: 5.3 (Berkeley) 6/1/90
           wuarchive.wustl.edu:/mirrors/4.3-reno
    whereis: 5.5 (Berkeley) 4/18/91
             wuarchive.wustl.edu:/mirrors/4.3-reno
747 748 749 750 751
    write: 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/6/93, with modifications by Mike Grupenhoff
           (kashmir@umiacs.umd.edu).  With changes so that damaging escape
           sequences cannot be sent.
           ftp.cdrom.com:/pub/bsd-sources/4.4BSD-Lite/usr/src/usr.bin

752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780

mount:
    mount, umount, swapon

    Rick Sladkey put together the mount-0.99.6.tar.Z package, and Stephen
    Tweedie provided updates.  The utilities were originally from that
    package (all appear to be by Doug Quale (quale@saavik.cs.wisc.edu),
    with modifications by H. J. Lu (hlu@eecs.wsu.edu) on 11/25/92; Rick
    Sladkey (jrs@world.std.com) in January 1993; and Stephen Tweedie
    <sct@dcs.ed.ac.uk> on 8 October 1993.  This distribution mount now
    supports NFS stuff.  I have modified the man pages.  I have also added
    a small patch from Hamish Glen Coleman (t933093@minyos.xx.rmit.OZ.AU)
    which restores the -o semantics.
    
    Updated with Rick Sladkey's mount-0.99.14.tar.gz package, and with
    extra patches from Rick.  Adam J. Richter allowed -t option to be
    optional. Patrick J. Volkerding (volkerdi@mhd1.moorhead.msus.edu) and
    Mitchum DSouza both provided patches that fixed the (null) problem when
    not using -t. Mitchum DSouza
    (mitch@mrc-applied-psychology.cambridge.ac.uk) added support for loop
    device mounts. Sebastian Lederer
    (lederer@next-pc.informatik.uni-bonn.de) added support for sending an
    unmount RPC call to the server when an NFS-filesystem is unmounted.
    Sander van Malssen (svm@kozmix.hacktic.nl) added support for remounting
    readonly file systems readonly.  Mike Grupenhoff
    <kashmir@umiacs.UMD.EDU> added a probe of the superblock for the type
    before /proc/filesystems is checked.  Andries.Brouwer@cwi.nl fixed up
    error reporting.

781 782 783
    Updated with patches from Andries.Brouwer@cwi.nl and Dan Quinlan
    (quinlan@yggdrasil.com).  And more patches from Andries and others.

784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799
historic/selection: The complete selection-1.5 package, by Andrew Haylett
    <ajh@gec-mrc.co.uk>, 17th June 1993, is included in the historic tree.
    Kernel patches are no longer necessary for modern kernels, but these
    were tiny so I left them in for historical reasons.  The Makefile was
    modified for this distribution.  With changes from Rick Sladkey.

sys-utils:
    arch: Rik Faith <faith@cs.unc.edu>
    chroot: Rick Sladkey <jrs@world.std.com>
    clock: Originally from the timesrc-1.2.tar.Z package, Charles Hedrick,
           hedrick@cs.rutgers.edu (V1.0); Rob Hooft, hooft@chem.ruu.nl
           (V1.1); Harald Koenig (koenig@nova.tat.physik.uni-tuebingen.de)
           (V1.2).  With additional changes: Hamish Coleman
           (hamish@zot.apana.org.au) (V1.2a); Alan Modra
           (alan@spri.levels.unisa.edu.au (V1.3, V1.4).
    ctrlaltdel: Peter Orbaek <poe@daimi.aau.dk>
800 801
                ftp://ftp.daimi.aau.dk/pub/linux/poe/admutil-1.16.tar.gz
    cytune: Nick Simicish (njs@scifi.emi.net) and Rik Faith (faith@cs.unc.edu)
802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812
    dmesg: Theodore Ts'o (tytso@athena.mit.edu); Rick Sladkey
           (jrs@world.std.com)
    ipcrm: From the ipcdelta.tar.z distribution by krishna
           balasub@cis.ohio-state.edu on 3/15/93.  ipc.info and ipc.texi
           are also from that distribution.
    ipcs: Also from the ipcdelta.tar.z distribution by krishna
          balasub@cis.ohio-state.edu, with patches from Mike Jagdis
          (jaggy@purplet.demon.co.uk)
    kbdrate: Rik Faith (faith@cs.unc.edu), with patches from
             Andries.Brouwer@cwi.nl and John Bowman
             (bowman@hagar.ph.utexas.edu)
813
    ksymoops: 1.7 from Greg McGary <gkm@magilla.cichlid.com>
814 815 816
    rdev: almesber@nessie.cs.id.ethz.ch (Werner Almesberger), with
          modifications from Peter MacDonald, Stephen Tweedie
          (sct@dcs.ed.ac.uk), and Dave (gentzel@nova.enet.dec.com)
817
    readprofile: Alessandro Rubini from readprofile-2.0.tar.gz
818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830
    renice: 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/9/93
            ftp.cdrom.com:/pub/bsd-sources/4.4BSD-Lite/usr/src/usr.bin
    setserial: Michael K. Johnson (johnsonm@stolaf.edu) re-released Rick
               Sladkey's setserial in January 1993, with changes by
               Theodore Ts'o (tytso@mit.edu).  I think that Theodore also
               did extensive changes for version 2.01, I can't find any
               notes about this in the documentation. However, Theodore
               Ts'o (tytso@ATHENA.MIT.EDU) released version 2.10, and that
               is now included.
    setsid: Rick Sladkey <jrs@world.std.com>
    sln: Mike Parker and David MacKenzie (from Linux's libc)
    sync: Nick Holloway, with thanks to James Bonfield
    tunelp: Michael K. Johnson (johnsonm@nigel.vnet.net)
831

832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862

syslogd:
   5.45 (Berkeley) 3/2/91

   Most of the changes for syslogd come from Rick Sladkey
   (jrs@world.std.com), but I'd like to thank other people who sent in
   changes (which usually got forwarded to Rick): Carsten Paeth
   (calle@calle.in-berlin.de) and Kaz Sasayama (kaz@lilia.iijnet.or.jp).

text-utils:
    col: 5.3 (Berkeley) 2/2/91; with patches from Andries.Brouwer@cwi.nl
         and Carl Christofferson (cchris@connected.com)
         wuarchive.wustl.edu:/mirrors/4.3-reno/{bin,usr.bin}
    colcrt: 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/6/93 (Bill Joy)
            ftp.cdrom.com:/pub/bsd-sources/4.4BSD-Lite/usr/src/usr.bin
    colrm: 5.4 (Berkeley) 6/1/90 (Jeff Schriebman)
    column: 8.3 (Berkeley) 4/2/94
            ftp.cdrom.com:/pub/bsd-sources/4.4BSD-Lite/usr/src/usr.bin
    hexdump: 5.5 (Berkeley) 6/1/90
             wuarchive.wustl.edu:/mirrors/4.3-reno/{bin,usr.bin}
    more: 5.19 (Berkeley) 6/29/88 (Eric Shienbrood, Geoff Peck, John Foderaro)
    rev: 5.2 (Berkeley) 3/21/92; with modifications by Charles Hannum
         (mycroft@gnu.ai.mit.edu), Brian Koehmstedt (bpk@gnu.ai.mit.edu),
         bjdouma@xs4all.nl
         wuarchive.wustl.edu:/mirrors/4.3-reno/{bin,usr.bin}
    strings: 5.10 (Berkeley) 5/23/91; with patches from Vitor Duarte
             <vad@fct.unl.pt>
             wuarchive.wustl.edu:/mirrors/4.3-reno/{bin,usr.bin}
    ul: 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/6/93
        ftp.cdrom.com:/pub/bsd-sources/4.4BSD-Lite/usr/src/usr.bin