Copy from the bug description:
After we upgraded the Ubuntu master archive from lucid to precise, we
noticed that Translation-en.bz2 was being written with mode 0600 rather
than 0644, which broke our mirroring. This is no longer reproducible as
such in unstable because apt now links against libbz2, but it's still
reproducible with xz; it happens because multicompress fchmods one end
of the compression pipe in this case rather than the target file.
[Original testcase slightly modified to comply with house-style]