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JSON Hooks

APT 1.6 introduces support for hooks that talk JSON-RPC 2.0. Hooks act as a server, and APT as a client.

Wire protocol

APT communicates with hooks via a UNIX domain socket in file descriptor $APT_HOOK_SOCKET. The transport is a byte stream (SOCK_STREAM).

The byte stream contains multiple JSON objects, each representing a JSON-RPC request or response, and each terminated by an empty line (\n\n). Therefore, JSON objects containing empty lines may not be used.

For protocol version 0.1, each JSON object must be encoded on a single line.

Lifecycle

The general life of a hook is as following.

  1. Hook is started
  2. Hello handshake is exchanged
  3. One or more calls or notifications are sent from apt to the hook
  4. Bye notification is send

It is unspecified whether a hook is sent one or more messages. For example, a hook may be started only once for the lifetime of the apt process and receive multiple notifications, but a hook may also be started multiple times. Hooks should thus be stateless.

JSON messages

Hello handshake

APT performs a call to the method org.debian.apt.hooks.hello with the named parameter versions containing a list of supported protocol versions. The hook picks the version it supports. The current version is "0.1", and support for that version is mandatory.

Example:

  1. APT: {"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"org.debian.apt.hooks.hello","id":0,"params":{"versions":["0.1"]}}

  2. Hook: {"jsonrpc":"2.0","id":0,"result":{"version":"0.1"}}

Bye notification

Before closing the connection, APT sends a notification for the method org.debian.apt.hooks.bye.

Hook notification

The following methods are supported:

  1. org.debian.apt.hooks.install.pre-prompt - Run before the y/n prompt
  2. org.debian.apt.hooks.install.post - Run after success
  3. org.debian.apt.hooks.install.fail - Run after failed install
  4. org.debian.apt.hooks.search.pre - Run before search
  5. org.debian.apt.hooks.search.post - Run after successful search
  6. org.debian.apt.hooks.search.fail - Run after search without results

They can be registered by adding them to the list:

AptCli::Hooks::<name>

where <name> is the name of the hook. It is recommended that these option names are prefixed with Binary::apt, so that they only take effect for the apt binary. Otherwise, there may be compatibility issues with scripts and alike.

Parameters

command: The command used on the command-line. For example, "purge".

search-terms: Any non-option arguments given to the command.

unknown-packages: For non-search hooks, a subset of search-terms that APT could not find packages in the cache for.

packages: An array of modified packages. This is mostly useful for install. Each package has the following attributes:

  • id: An unsigned integer describing the package

  • name: The name of the package

  • architecture: The architecture of the package. For "all" packages, this will be the native architecture; use per-version architecture fields to see "all".

  • mode: One of install, deinstall, purge, or keep. keep is not exposed in 0.1. To determine an upgrade, check that a current version is installed.

  • automatic: Whether the package is/will be automatically installed

  • versions: An array with up to 3 fields:

    • candidate: The candidate version
    • install: The version to be installed
    • current: The version currently installed

    Each version is represented as an object with the following fields:

    • id: An unsigned integer
    • version: The version as a string
    • architecture: Architecture of the version
    • pin: The pin priority (optional)

Example

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "method": "org.debian.apt.hooks.install.pre",
    "params": {
        "command": "purge",
        "search-terms": [
            "petname-",
            "lxd+"
        ],
        "packages": [
            {
                "id": 1500,
                "name": "ebtables",
                "architecture": "amd64",
                "mode": "install",
                "automatic": 1,
                "versions": {
                    "candidate": {
                        "id": 376,
                        "version": "2.0.10.4-3.5ubuntu2",
                        "architecture": "amd64",
                        "pin": 990
                    },
                    "install": {
                        "id": 376,
                        "version": "2.0.10.4-3.5ubuntu2",
                        "architecture": "amd64",
                        "pin": 990
                    }
                }
            }
        ]
    }
}

Compatibility note

Future versions of APT might make these calls instead of notifications.

Evolution of this protocol

New incompatible versions may be introduced with each new feature release of apt (1.7, 1.8, etc). No backward compatibility is promised until protocol 1.0: New stable feature releases may support a newer protocol version only (for example, 1.7 may only support 0.2).

Additional fields may be added to objects without bumping the protocol version.