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// -*- mode: cpp; mode: fold -*-
// Description /*{{{*/
// $Id: extract.cc,v 1.6.2.1 2004/01/16 18:58:50 mdz Exp $
/* ######################################################################
Archive Extraction Directory Stream
Extraction for each file is a bit of an involved process. Each object
undergoes an atomic backup, overwrite, erase sequence. First the
object is unpacked to '.dpkg.new' then the original is hardlinked to
'.dpkg.tmp' and finally the new object is renamed to overwrite the old
one. From an external perspective the file never ceased to exist.
After the archive has been sucessfully unpacked the .dpkg.tmp files
are erased. A failure causes all the .dpkg.tmp files to be restored.
Decisions about unpacking go like this:
- Store the original filename in the file listing
- Resolve any diversions that would effect this file, all checks
below apply to the diverted name, not the real one.
- Resolve any symlinked configuration files.
- If the existing file does not exist then .dpkg-tmp is checked for.
[Note, this is reduced to only check if a file was expected to be
there]
- If the existing link/file is not a directory then it is replaced
irregardless
- If the existing link/directory is being replaced by a directory then
absolutely nothing happens.
- If the existing link/directory is being replaced by a link then
absolutely nothing happens.
- If the existing link/directory is being replaced by a non-directory
then this will abort if the package is not the sole owner of the
directory. [Note, this is changed to not happen if the directory
non-empty - that is, it only includes files that are part of this
package - prevents removing user files accidentally.]
- If the non-directory exists in the listing database and it
does not belong to the current package then an overwrite condition
is invoked.
As we unpack we record the file list differences in the FL cache. If
we need to unroll the the FL cache knows which files have been unpacked
and can undo. When we need to erase then it knows which files have not
been unpacked.
##################################################################### */
/*}}}*/
// Include Files /*{{{*/
#include <apt-pkg/extract.h>
#include <apt-pkg/error.h>
#include <apt-pkg/debversion.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <apti18n.h>
/*}}}*/
using namespace std;
static const char *TempExt = "dpkg-tmp";
//static const char *NewExt = "dpkg-new";
// Extract::pkgExtract - Constructor /*{{{*/
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------
/* */
pkgExtract::pkgExtract(pkgFLCache &FLCache,pkgCache::VerIterator Ver) :
FLCache(FLCache), Ver(Ver)
{
FLPkg = FLCache.GetPkg(Ver.ParentPkg().Name(),true);
if (FLPkg.end() == true)
return;
Debug = true;
}
/*}}}*/
// Extract::DoItem - Handle a single item from the stream /*{{{*/
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------
/* This performs the setup for the extraction.. */
bool pkgExtract::DoItem(Item &Itm,int &Fd)
{
char Temp[sizeof(FileName)];
/* Strip any leading/trailing /s from the filename, then copy it to the
temp buffer and re-apply the leading / We use a class variable
to store the new filename for use by the three extraction funcs */
char *End = FileName+1;
const char *I = Itm.Name;
for (; *I != 0 && *I == '/'; I++);
*FileName = '/';
for (; *I != 0 && End < FileName + sizeof(FileName); I++, End++)
*End = *I;
if (End + 20 >= FileName + sizeof(FileName))
return _error->Error(_("The path %s is too long"),Itm.Name);
for (; End > FileName && End[-1] == '/'; End--);
*End = 0;
Itm.Name = FileName;
/* Lookup the file. Nde is the file [group] we are going to write to and
RealNde is the actual node we are manipulating. Due to diversions
they may be entirely different. */
pkgFLCache::NodeIterator Nde = FLCache.GetNode(Itm.Name,End,0,false,false);
pkgFLCache::NodeIterator RealNde = Nde;
// See if the file is already in the file listing
unsigned long FileGroup = RealNde->File;
for (; RealNde.end() == false && FileGroup == RealNde->File; RealNde++)
if (RealNde.RealPackage() == FLPkg)
break;
// Nope, create an entry
if (RealNde.end() == true)
{
RealNde = FLCache.GetNode(Itm.Name,End,FLPkg.Offset(),true,false);
if (RealNde.end() == true)
return false;
RealNde->Flags |= pkgFLCache::Node::NewFile;
}
/* Check if this entry already was unpacked. The only time this should
ever happen is if someone has hacked tar to support capabilities, in
which case this needs to be modified anyhow.. */
if ((RealNde->Flags & pkgFLCache::Node::Unpacked) ==
pkgFLCache::Node::Unpacked)
return _error->Error(_("Unpacking %s more than once"),Itm.Name);
if (Nde.end() == true)
Nde = RealNde;
/* Consider a diverted file - We are not permitted to divert directories,
but everything else is fair game (including conf files!) */
if ((Nde->Flags & pkgFLCache::Node::Diversion) != 0)
{
if (Itm.Type == Item::Directory)
return _error->Error(_("The directory %s is diverted"),Itm.Name);
/* A package overwriting a diversion target is just the same as
overwriting a normally owned file and is checked for below in
the overwrites mechanism */
/* If this package is trying to overwrite the target of a diversion,
that is never, ever permitted */
pkgFLCache::DiverIterator Div = Nde.Diversion();
if (Div.DivertTo() == Nde)
return _error->Error(_("The package is trying to write to the "
"diversion target %s/%s"),Nde.DirN(),Nde.File());
// See if it is us and we are following it in the right direction
if (Div->OwnerPkg != FLPkg.Offset() && Div.DivertFrom() == Nde)
{
Nde = Div.DivertTo();
End = FileName + snprintf(FileName,sizeof(FileName)-20,"%s/%s",
Nde.DirN(),Nde.File());
if (End <= FileName)
return _error->Error(_("The diversion path is too long"));
}
}
// Deal with symlinks and conf files
if ((RealNde->Flags & pkgFLCache::Node::NewConfFile) ==
pkgFLCache::Node::NewConfFile)
{
string Res = flNoLink(Itm.Name);
if (Res.length() > sizeof(FileName))
return _error->Error(_("The path %s is too long"),Res.c_str());
if (Debug == true)
clog << "Followed conf file from " << FileName << " to " << Res << endl;
Itm.Name = strcpy(FileName,Res.c_str());
}
/* Get information about the existing file, and attempt to restore
a backup if it does not exist */
struct stat LExisting;
bool EValid = false;
if (lstat(Itm.Name,&LExisting) != 0)
{
// This is bad news.
if (errno != ENOENT)
return _error->Errno("stat",_("Failed to stat %s"),Itm.Name);
// See if we can recover the backup file
if (Nde.end() == false)
{
snprintf(Temp,sizeof(Temp),"%s.%s",Itm.Name,TempExt);
if (rename(Temp,Itm.Name) != 0 && errno != ENOENT)
return _error->Errno("rename",_("Failed to rename %s to %s"),
Temp,Itm.Name);
if (stat(Itm.Name,&LExisting) != 0)
{
if (errno != ENOENT)
return _error->Errno("stat",_("Failed to stat %s"),Itm.Name);
}
else
EValid = true;
}
}
else
EValid = true;
/* If the file is a link we need to stat its destination, get the
existing file modes */
struct stat Existing = LExisting;
if (EValid == true && S_ISLNK(Existing.st_mode))
{
if (stat(Itm.Name,&Existing) != 0)
{
if (errno != ENOENT)
return _error->Errno("stat",_("Failed to stat %s"),Itm.Name);
Existing = LExisting;
}
}
// We pretend a non-existing file looks like it is a normal file
if (EValid == false)
Existing.st_mode = S_IFREG;
/* Okay, at this point 'Existing' is the stat information for the
real non-link file */
/* The only way this can be a no-op is if a directory is being
replaced by a directory or by a link */
if (S_ISDIR(Existing.st_mode) != 0 &&
(Itm.Type == Item::Directory || Itm.Type == Item::SymbolicLink))
return true;
/* Non-Directory being replaced by non-directory. We check for over
writes here. */
if (Nde.end() == false)
{
if (HandleOverwrites(Nde) == false)
return false;
}
/* Directory being replaced by a non-directory - this needs to see if
the package is the owner and then see if the directory would be
empty after the package is removed [ie no user files will be
erased] */
if (S_ISDIR(Existing.st_mode) != 0)
{
if (CheckDirReplace(Itm.Name) == false)
return _error->Error(_("The directory %s is being replaced by a non-directory"),Itm.Name);
}
if (Debug == true)
clog << "Extract " << string(Itm.Name,End) << endl;
/* if (Count != 0)
return _error->Error(_("Done"));*/
return true;
}
/*}}}*/
// Extract::Finished - Sequence finished, erase the temp files /*{{{*/
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------
/* */
bool pkgExtract::Finished()
{
return true;
}
/*}}}*/
// Extract::Aborted - Sequence aborted, undo all our unpacking /*{{{*/
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------
/* This undoes everything that was done by all calls to the DoItem method
and restores the File Listing cache to its original form. It bases its
actions on the flags value for each node in the cache. */
bool pkgExtract::Aborted()
{
if (Debug == true)
clog << "Aborted, backing out" << endl;
pkgFLCache::NodeIterator Files = FLPkg.Files();
map_ptrloc *Last = &FLPkg->Files;
/* Loop over all files, restore those that have been unpacked from their
dpkg-tmp entires */
while (Files.end() == false)
{
// Locate the hash bucket for the node and locate its group head
pkgFLCache::NodeIterator Nde(FLCache,FLCache.HashNode(Files));
for (; Nde.end() == false && Files->File != Nde->File; Nde++);
if (Nde.end() == true)
return _error->Error(_("Failed to locate node in its hash bucket"));
if (snprintf(FileName,sizeof(FileName)-20,"%s/%s",
Nde.DirN(),Nde.File()) <= 0)
return _error->Error(_("The path is too long"));
// Deal with diversions
if ((Nde->Flags & pkgFLCache::Node::Diversion) != 0)
{
pkgFLCache::DiverIterator Div = Nde.Diversion();
// See if it is us and we are following it in the right direction
if (Div->OwnerPkg != FLPkg.Offset() && Div.DivertFrom() == Nde)
{
Nde = Div.DivertTo();
if (snprintf(FileName,sizeof(FileName)-20,"%s/%s",
Nde.DirN(),Nde.File()) <= 0)
return _error->Error(_("The diversion path is too long"));
}
}
// Deal with overwrites+replaces
for (; Nde.end() == false && Files->File == Nde->File; Nde++)
{
if ((Nde->Flags & pkgFLCache::Node::Replaced) ==
pkgFLCache::Node::Replaced)
{
if (Debug == true)
clog << "De-replaced " << FileName << " from " << Nde.RealPackage()->Name << endl;
Nde->Flags &= ~pkgFLCache::Node::Replaced;
}
}
// Undo the change in the filesystem
if (Debug == true)
clog << "Backing out " << FileName;
// Remove a new node
if ((Files->Flags & pkgFLCache::Node::NewFile) ==
pkgFLCache::Node::NewFile)
{
if (Debug == true)
clog << " [new node]" << endl;
pkgFLCache::Node *Tmp = Files;
Files++;
*Last = Tmp->NextPkg;
Tmp->NextPkg = 0;
FLCache.DropNode(Tmp - FLCache.NodeP);
}
else
{
if (Debug == true)
clog << endl;
Last = &Files->NextPkg;
Files++;
}
}
return true;
}
/*}}}*/
// Extract::Fail - Extraction of a file Failed /*{{{*/
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------
/* */
bool pkgExtract::Fail(Item &Itm,int Fd)
{
return pkgDirStream::Fail(Itm,Fd);
}
/*}}}*/
// Extract::FinishedFile - Finished a file /*{{{*/
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------
/* */
bool pkgExtract::FinishedFile(Item &Itm,int Fd)
{
return pkgDirStream::FinishedFile(Itm,Fd);
}
/*}}}*/
// Extract::HandleOverwrites - See if a replaces covers this overwrite /*{{{*/
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------
/* Check if the file is in a package that is being replaced by this
package or if the file is being overwritten. Note that if the file
is really a directory but it has been erased from the filesystem
this will fail with an overwrite message. This is a limitation of the
dpkg file information format.
XX If a new package installs and another package replaces files in this
package what should we do? */
bool pkgExtract::HandleOverwrites(pkgFLCache::NodeIterator Nde,
bool DiverCheck)
{
pkgFLCache::NodeIterator TmpNde = Nde;
unsigned long DiverOwner = 0;
unsigned long FileGroup = Nde->File;
const char *FirstOwner = 0;
for (; Nde.end() == false && FileGroup == Nde->File; Nde++)
{
if ((Nde->Flags & pkgFLCache::Node::Diversion) != 0)
{
/* Store the diversion owner if this is the forward direction
of the diversion */
if (DiverCheck == true)
DiverOwner = Nde.Diversion()->OwnerPkg;
continue;
}
pkgFLCache::PkgIterator FPkg(FLCache,Nde.RealPackage());
if (FPkg.end() == true || FPkg == FLPkg)
continue;
/* This tests trips when we are checking a diversion to see
if something has already been diverted by this diversion */
if (FPkg.Offset() == DiverOwner)
continue;
FirstOwner = FPkg.Name();
// Now see if this package matches one in a replace depends
pkgCache::DepIterator Dep = Ver.DependsList();
bool Ok = false;
for (; Dep.end() == false; Dep++)
{
if (Dep->Type != pkgCache::Dep::Replaces)
continue;
// Does the replaces apply to this package?
if (strcmp(Dep.TargetPkg().Name(),FPkg.Name()) != 0)
continue;
/* Check the version for match. I do not think CurrentVer can be
0 if we are here.. */
pkgCache::PkgIterator Pkg = Dep.TargetPkg();
if (Pkg->CurrentVer == 0)
{
_error->Warning(_("Overwrite package match with no version for %s"),Pkg.Name());
continue;
}
// Replaces is met
if (debVS.CheckDep(Pkg.CurrentVer().VerStr(),Dep->CompareOp,Dep.TargetVer()) == true)
{
if (Debug == true)
clog << "Replaced file " << Nde.DirN() << '/' << Nde.File() << " from " << Pkg.Name() << endl;
Nde->Flags |= pkgFLCache::Node::Replaced;
Ok = true;
break;
}
}
// Negative Hit
if (Ok == false)
return _error->Error(_("File %s/%s overwrites the one in the package %s"),
Nde.DirN(),Nde.File(),FPkg.Name());
}
/* If this is a diversion we might have to recurse to process
the other side of it */
if ((TmpNde->Flags & pkgFLCache::Node::Diversion) != 0)
{
pkgFLCache::DiverIterator Div = TmpNde.Diversion();
if (Div.DivertTo() == TmpNde)
return HandleOverwrites(Div.DivertFrom(),true);
}
return true;
}
/*}}}*/
// Extract::CheckDirReplace - See if this directory can be erased /*{{{*/
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------
/* If this directory is owned by a single package and that package is
replacing it with something non-directoryish then dpkg allows this.
We increase the requirement to be that the directory is non-empty after
the package is removed */
bool pkgExtract::CheckDirReplace(string Dir,unsigned int Depth)
{
// Looping?
if (Depth > 40)
return false;
if (Dir[Dir.size() - 1] != '/')
Dir += '/';
DIR *D = opendir(Dir.c_str());
if (D == 0)
return _error->Errno("opendir",_("Unable to read %s"),Dir.c_str());
string File;
for (struct dirent *Dent = readdir(D); Dent != 0; Dent = readdir(D))
{
// Skip some files
if (strcmp(Dent->d_name,".") == 0 ||
strcmp(Dent->d_name,"..") == 0)
continue;
// Look up the node
File = Dir + Dent->d_name;
pkgFLCache::NodeIterator Nde = FLCache.GetNode(File.c_str(),
File.c_str() + File.length(),0,false,false);
// The file is not owned by this package
if (Nde.end() != false || Nde.RealPackage() != FLPkg)
{
closedir(D);
return false;
}
// See if it is a directory
struct stat St;
if (lstat(File.c_str(),&St) != 0)
{
closedir(D);
return _error->Errno("lstat",_("Unable to stat %s"),File.c_str());
}
// Recurse down directories
if (S_ISDIR(St.st_mode) != 0)
{
if (CheckDirReplace(File,Depth + 1) == false)
{
closedir(D);
return false;
}
}
}
// No conflicts
closedir(D);
return true;
}
/*}}}*/