modified version of jenkins debian glue (https://github.com/mika/jenkins-debian-glue) for devuan
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Michael Prokop 2593cc8c28 trigger_jenkins: support sending tags to a release dashboard + iterate over all modified projects 9 years ago
debian Release new version 0.1.1 9 years ago
examples build-and-provide-package: support PROVIDE_ONLY and BUILD_ONLY, drop REMOTE_REPOS 9 years ago
git minor formating fixes and provide Vim modelines in all scripts 9 years ago
scripts generate-git-snapshot: use plain dch if handling UNRELEASED version 9 years ago
svn trigger_jenkins: support sending tags to a release dashboard + iterate over all modified projects 9 years ago
tests minor formating fixes and provide Vim modelines in all scripts 9 years ago
LICENSE Update copyright information 9 years ago
Makefile Makefile: provide uninstall target, closes #6 9 years ago
NOTES.org provide documentation how to use chroots for building non-Debian stuff 9 years ago
README.org Update copyright information 9 years ago
fabfile.py fabfile: adjust regex to match all jenkins-debian-glue packages 9 years ago

README.org

Project Idea

jenkins-debian-glue provides scripts for building Debian packages via Jenkins (a Continuous integration system). It tries to minimize the required steps to get it up and running and keep it as manageable and homogeneous as possible.

System requirements

  • Jenkins

  • Debian

  • cowbuilder, reprepro and sudo (all available via apt-get/aptitude)

Setup instructions

jenkins-debian-glue assumes two Jenkins jobs for each software package. One job builds the Debian source package, this is the source job. Assuming the software package is named foobar then its source job is assumed to be foobar-source. The other job builds the Debian binary package(s), this is the binaries job. Once again assuming we're talking about the foobar software package then the binaries job is assumed to be foobar-binaries.

Setting up those jobs is really simple. Just follow the following steps and you should have a working system in less than 10 minutes.

Install "ArtifactDeployer Plugin"

The ArtifactDeployer Jenkins Plugin (install it via http://$JENKINS_SERVER/pluginManager/available) provides the option to deploy artifacts from the source job to the binaries job. Make sure it's installed so you get the "Deploy artifacts from workspace to remote directories" option, used in the following steps.

Source job configuration (foobar-source)

jenkins-debian-glue provides scripts to handle Debian packages managed in Git (via generate-git-snapshot) and Subversion (via generate-svn-snapshot). Before you're creating a new Jenkins job please make sure you've the dependencies installed, follow "Debian packages managed in Git" and/or "Debian packages managed in Subversion" accordingly.

Debian packages managed in Git

Make sure the "Git Plugin" is installed in Jenkins. On the build system you need git-buildpackage and a basic Git configuration for the user under which Jenkins is running (usually being 'jenkins'):

# apt-get install git-buildpackage
# su - jenkins
% git config --global user.email "jenkins@example.org"
% git config --global user.name "Jenkins User"

Debian packages managed in Subversion

The "Subversion Plugin" is shipped by Jenkins out of the box nowadays, but to use it with Debian packages please make sure you've subversion-tools available on the build system:

# apt-get install subversion-tools

Create a Jenkins source job

Create a new job using the 'Build a free-style software project' option in Jenkins. If your software is named foobar then use foobar-source for the job name. Then enable and configure 'URL of repository' of the according version control system under 'Source Code Management' to automatically check out sources.

Important: set the "Local subdirectory for repo (optional)" option under Advanced settings to "source".

In the "Build" section add a build step "Execute shell" as follows:

# JENKINS_DEBIAN_GLUE_SOURCE_HEADER

# when using git:
/usr/bin/generate-git-snapshot

# when using subversion:
# /usr/bin/generate-svn-snapshot

Under "Post-build Actions" select "Archive the artifacts" using:

*.gz,*.bz2,*.xz,*.deb,*.dsc,*.changes

Enable "Record fingerprints of files to track usage" and its "Fingerprint all archived artifacts" setting.

Now configure the ArtifactDeployer plugin. Enable "Deploy artifacts from workspace to remote directories" using the following settings for "Files to deploy":

*.gz,*.bz2,*.xz,*.deb,*.dsc,*.changes

and for the "Remote directory" use:

${JENKINS_HOME}/userContent/${JOB_NAME}/

Binaries job configuration (foobar-binaries)

Add a new "Build multi-configuration project" Jenkins job named foobar-binaries (assuming your project is named foobar).

Enable "Build after other projects are built" under Build Triggers and choose the name of the source job, being foobar-source in this example.

Under Configuration Matrix create a user-defined Axis titled "architecture" specifying the architectures your Debian packages should be built for. If you're running an amd64 system (recommended nowadays) then amd64 should be your default choice no matter what. If you also want to build Debian packages for i386 then add i386.

Choose "Run each configuration sequentially".

In the "Build" section add a build step "Execute shell" using:

# JENKINS_DEBIAN_GLUE_BINARIES_HEADER

REPOS="${JOB_NAME%-binaries*}"
/usr/bin/generate-reprepro-codename "${REPOS}"

/usr/bin/build-and-provide-package

Under "Post-build Actions" select "Archive the artifacts" using:

*.gz,*.bz2,*.xz,*.deb,*.dsc,*.changes

Configure sudo

To be able to execute cowbuilder as user jenkins adjust /etc/sudoers using visudo(8):

jenkins ALL=NOPASSWD: /usr/sbin/cowbuilder, /usr/sbin/chroot

Create /srv/repository and provide write permissions to jenkins user:

# mkdir /srv/repository
# chown jenkins /srv/repository

Alright - you're done! Now Jenkins can build Debian packages for you.

Build Debian packages

Visit the source Job and choose "Build Now". This will start building the Debian source package and if that works as expected it will automatically trigger building the Debian binary package(s). The first run might take some time because you're checking out the source from your VCS for the first time and setting up the cowbuilder environment also takes some time. Once you're past this stage rebuilding should be damn fast, just depending on your network and system speed.

To use the local Debian repository just add an entry to your /etc/apt/sources.list.d/foobar.list, like:

deb file:/srv/repository/ foobar main

To use the Debian repository from remote systems you can install a web server, symlink the repository to the webserver share via e.g.:

ln -s /srv/repository/ /var/www/debian

and point /etc/apt/sources.list/foobar.list to it:

deb http://$JENKINS_SERVER/debian/ jenkins-debian-glue main

Configuration options

System wide via /etc/jenkins/debian_glue

  • KEY_ID: setting this variable automatically signs repository with the specified GnuPG key ID. Please notice that already existing repositories won't be touched. If you set up a GnuPG key and the KEY_ID configuration after a repository was created (will be done on first execution of build-and-provide-package for a given binary job) make sure to manually add SignWith: ${Y_ID} to your repository configuration ("srv/repository/conf/distributions" by default).

  • MAIN_ARCHITECTURE: if you are building Debian packages for more than one architecture you can control which architecture should be used as main one. The main architecture setting controls which architecture should be used as the one providing the architecture independent Debian packages (like foobar_0.42-1_all.deb). If unset it defaults to the architecture your build system is running.

  • REPOSITORY: the directory where your Debian repository will be placed at. Defaults to "srv/repository".

  • TRUNK_RELEASE: if you want to get a copy of all generated Debian packages in one single distribution you can set TRUNK_RELEASE to something like "release-trunk". The repository will be automatically set up if it doesn't exist yet.

Supported in build-and-provide-package

  • architecture: controls for which architectures Debian packages should be built. (Note: tested only with amd64 and i386 so far.)

  • distribution: controls Debian version that should be used for the cowbuilder environment (defaults to sid AKA unstable if unset).

  • release: install Debian package in repository name as specified via "$rease" instead of the default (being $ROS), see "Can I collect multiple Debian packages in one single repository?" in the FAQ section for further details.

  • REPOS: controls the repository name used for the binary job. Defaults to the Jenkins job name without the trailing "-binaries".

  • SUDO_CMD: if this variable is set then reprepro and related actions will be executed under $SO_CMD. If the jenkins user doesn't have write permissions to the repository and related settings then you might consider setting "export SUDO_CMD=sudo" in your Build step.

Supported in generate-git-snapshot

  • DCH_OPTS: use custom git-buildpackage options instead of the defaults.

  • DCH_EXTRA_OPTS: use additional custom git-buildpackage options.

Supported in generate-reprepro-codename

  • SUDO_CMD: if this variable is set then reprepro and related actions will be executed under $SO_CMD. If the jenkins user doesn't have write permissions to the repository and related settings then you might consider setting "export SUDO_CMD=sudo" in your Build step.

Tipps and Tricks / Advanced configuration

  • Reduce disk usage: enable "Discard Old Builds" and set "Max # of builds to keep" to something like 15 to keep disk usage at a sane level.

  • For building the Debian package using different branches enable the "This build is parameterized" option in the source job. Add String Parameter settings as follows (replace Git's master with trunk when using Subversion):

    Name: branch
    Default value: master
    Description: branch to build (trunk, tags/...)
    

This allows you to choose the branch name that should be used for building the Debian source package.

and binaries jobs.

  • Enable "Trigger builds remotely (e.g., from scripts)" under Build Triggers and set an user-defined authentication token.

  • To automatically check for updates in VCS without triggering it from outside enable the "Poll SCM" setting with something like:

    */5 * * * *
    

for checking every 5 minutes for updates. Use @daily instead if checking once a day is enough.

Scripts description

  • build-and-provide-package: searches for newest package version in ${NKINS_HOME}/userContent/${CKAGE}-source/ and uses the dsc file for building a binary package for the specific $ahitecture of the matrix build using cowbuilder. The resulting binary package will be installed in reprepro to provide it for usage via APT.

  • generate-git-snapshot: generates a snapshot version of a Debian package using git-dch. Use 'auto' as command line option to use git-dch's magic to build changelog, without the 'auto' option the version string will be build based on last tag/merge.

  • generate-local-repository: scans the current working directory for Debian packages and generates Packages.gz, Contents and Release files. Meant for usage if reprepro would be overkill (e.g. no signed repository is needed).

  • generate-reprepro-codename: takes a repository/codename as command line option and adds an according repository/codename definition to /srv/repository/conf/distributions (iff the codename is not present yet).

  • generate-svn-snapshot: generates snapshot version of a Debian package using svn log, svn2cl and some dirty shell magic.

  • increase-version-number: takes a version number as command line argument and raises the version number for usage inside as a new snapshot version. Nowadays the script just adds "+0" to the version number, so when running the script with "0.42" the output will be "0.42+0". (Disclaimer: This script used to be more sophisticated but turned out to fail in some situations, the +0 approach usually just works and the script is there to provide a central place to handle version number management.)

  • lintian-junit-report: run Debian package checks using lintian and report in JUnit format.

FAQ

How can I add multiple Jenkins jobs for the same software package?

If you need further Jenkins jobs for the same package you can achieve that by setting the REPOS environment variable. Let's assume you already have the Jenkins jobs foobar-source and foobar-binaries for a software package called foobar. To use foobar with different settings as project foobar-testing all you've to do is setting the REPOS environment variable inside the build steps of the Jenkins job. Usage example for foobar-testing-binaries:

REPOS="${JOB_NAME%-testing-binaries*}"
/usr/bin/generate-reprepro-codename "${REPOS}"

I've problems building Debian packages against Debian/unstable

Make sure you're using recent versions of cowbuilder and its underlying pbuilder. Some features like '[linux-any]' in Build-Depends might not be available in the cowbuilder/pbuilder version used in Debian/squeeze yet, so make sure you install cowbuilder/pbuilder from Debian/testing and/or Debian/unstable.

Building the initial cowbuilder environment fails

If you notice 'pbuilder create failed' in the build log then you might be building a Debian unstable cowbuilder environment at a time where some dependencies cause bootstrap errors. To avoid this manually install the cowbuilder base.cow using the command line present in your build log but replace sid with squeeze and manually upgrade the cowbuilder environment to Debian unstable/sid then.

The ArtifactDeployer plugin doesn't work for me, is there an alternative?

If the ArtifactDeployer plugin doesn't work for whatever reason (though it's strongly recommended and is known to work fine!) you can use the Copy Artifact Plugin instead.

Use the "$srces" support of the build-and-provide-package script in the binaries job then. Under "Build" add "Copy artifacts from another project" using (replace $JNAME-source accordingly):

Project name: $JOBNAME-source
Which build: Latest successful build
[ ] Stable build only
Artifacts to copy: *.gz,*.bz2,*.xz,*.deb,*.dsc,*.changes
Target directory: sources

Finally add 'export sources=sources' to the shell execution commands, before running build-and-provide-package.

Can I collect multiple Debian packages in one single repository?

Yes. This feature is provided through so called release builds. In release builds you add a release repository name through the "$rease" variable to the source job which is then handed over to the binaries job. The binaries job then takes care of installing the Debian packages to the repository as specified by the "$rease" variable instead of installing it into its own repository. This feature is especially handy if you trigger several Jenkins jobs from a central place (like your own dashboard) to trigger a full release build.

First of all make sure you have the Parameterized Trigger plugin installed. Then add "This build is parameterized" in the source job with String parameters as follows:

Name: release
Default value: none
release version if the results should be part of a release (otherwise leave it at 'none')

Enable "Trigger parameterized build on other projects" with settings as follows (replace $JNAME-binaries accordingly):

Projects to build: $JOBNAME-binaries
Trigger when build is: Stable or unstable but not failed
Trigger build without parameters [ ]

and "Predefined parameters" with:

release=${release}

That's it. Now you can replace the "none" with your specific release build name when triggering a new source job.

Known TODOs

Contributors

  • Thomas Clavier <tom@tcweb.org>

  • Alexander Wirt <formorer@debian.org>

Known installations driven by jenkins-debian-glue

License

Copyright (c) 2011,2012 Michael Prokop <mika@debian.org>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.