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README.developers

This file is lifted, almost verbatim, from "bug".

BUG'S Features for Developers
=============================


Bug allows maintainers to control the bug reporting process by placing
files in special places.

Template Information & Interaction with the user
================================================

If /usr/share/bug/$package is executable, then bug executes it and
takes what comes out from the file descriptor 3 and puts it in the bug
template.
The maintainer can then ask questions to the user or run whatever
information gathering script he likes, and echo all the content to fd 3.

e.g.:
read -p 'color? '
echo "Color: $REPLY" >&3
...
system-information-tool >&3

If /usr/share/bug/$package is a directory, then
/usr/share/bug/$package/script is executed.

While the script is executed, the following shell functions are
available ONLY IF IT IS RUN UNDER /bin/bash:

getkey - asks for a key
yesno <prompt> "yep"|"nop" - ask for a yes/no answer (with i18n)
leaves response as yep or nop
in REPLY. The second argument is
the default.

If the file /usr/share/bug/$package/presubj exists, its content is
shown to the user before asking him for the bug's subject.

Note: It's your responsibility to check if the information included
in the template can put the user in any security risk.

Package redirection
===================

The package maintainer can control to which packages bug reports are
submitted, by setting the Package: field of the bug report. This will
be mainly used to redirect bugs in packages coming from a single
source to where the maintainer likes to have them.

This is done by having this line in /usr/share/bug/$package/control:

Submit-As: $new-package

Note that bug will not check if the $new-package exists as a valid package.

BTS selection
=============

Packages not distributed by Debian can take advantage of this utility too.
They just need to add a "send-to" header to the control file
/usr/share/bug/$package/control.

Send-To: bugs.myproject.com

`bug' will add `submit@' `quiet@' or `maintonly@' to form the address the
bug report mail is send to.

(Note: you probably should use dpkg's support for Origin and Bugs tags
in lieu of this support.)

Nicolás Lichtmaier.-
nick@debian.org

Related packages
================

Often programs are distributed across several different packages, for
example an upstream package 'foo' may be packaged in Debian as foo, libfoo,
foo-common and foo-data. In such cases it can be useful to include related
package information in bugreports, to minimise the need for 'moreinfo' requests
to the submitter :) This is done by adding a "report-with" header to the
control file.

report-with: foo libfoo foo-common foo-data

Package information will be added to the bug report for each extra package
listed.

You can also request that the status information for other packages
(that are not dependencies or recommendations) be included with the
report using the "package-status" header.

package-status: bar baz

Addendum: Languages other than SH
=================================

The script in /usr/share/bug/reportbug/script is an example of a bug
handling script written in Python. You can also write bug handlers in
many other languages that allow direct access to file descriptors,
including Perl and C/C++.

Note that the getkey and yesno functions are only available in scripts
written using /bin/bash as their interpreter; for other shells or
languages, you will need to write your own input parsing functions.