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  1. <!DOCTYPE html>
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  16. <meta property="og:site_name" content="Devuan GNU+Linux">
  17. <meta property="og:description" content="Free GNU+Linux base OS. Devuan is a fork of Debian without systemd. Devuan Bewoulf provides a safe upgrade path from Debian, to ensure the right to Init Freedom and avoid entanglement.">
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  20. <meta name="twitter:title" content="Packages | Devuan GNU+Linux Free Operating System">
  21. <meta name="twitter:description" content="Free GNU+Linux base OS. Devuan is a fork of Debian without systemd. Devuan Jessie provides a safe upgrade path from Debian, to ensure the right to Init Freedom and avoid entanglement.">
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  23. <meta name="keywords" content="debian, jessie, ascii, beowulf, fork, devuan, sysvinit, openrc, systemd, freedom, init freedom, sysadmin, gnu, linux, distribution, open source, free software, compatibility, portable, embedded, minimal, compact">
  24. </head>
  25. <body class="os os_packages">
  26. <nav>
  27. <a href="#read" title="skip to content">#read</a>
  28. </nav>
  29. <div class="row" id="about">
  30. <p>Devuan GNU+Linux is a free software operating system for your computer. Free software means <em>you are free</em> to use, copy and distribute, study, change the software, and share your modifications with the community.</p>
  31. </div>
  32. <section class="row" id="sticky-bar">
  33. <h2>Featured</h2>
  34. <nav class="u-pull-left">
  35. <p><a href="/os/install" title="Install"><span class="icon icon-devuan"></span><span>Install</span></a> <span class="separator">|</span> <a href="/os/packages" title="Packages"><span class="icon icon-cog"></span><span>Packages</span></a> <span class="separator">|</span> <a href="/os/development" title="Development"><span class="icon icon-flask"></span><span>Development</span></a> <span class="separator">|</span> <a href="/os/community" title="Community"><span class="icon icon-devuan-talk"></span><span>Community</span></a> <span class="separator">|</span> <a href="/os/explore" title="Explore"><span class="icon icon-share"></span><span>Explore</span></a></p>
  36. </nav>
  37. <nav class="b-pull-right">
  38. <nav class="u-pull-right">
  39. <a title="Please support Devuan development" class="button button-primary" href="/os/donate"><span class="icon icon-heart"></span>donate now!</a>
  40. </nav>
  41. <nav class="u-pull-right">
  42. <a title="Download Devuan" class="button button-dl" href="/get-devuan"><span class="icon icon-download"></span>download</a>
  43. </nav>
  44. </nav>
  45. </section>
  46. <section id="page-header">
  47. <div id="logo">
  48. <a href="/"><img src="/ui/img/devuan-logo-cbar.png" alt=" DEVUAN "></a>
  49. </div>
  50. <p>software freedom, your way</p>
  51. </section>
  52. <hr>
  53. <main id="read" class="container">
  54. <article>
  55. <h1 id="package-repositories"><img src="/ui/img/rounded-cbar-square.png" style="display: inline-block; margin: 0 1rem -.5rem 0">Package Repositories</h1>
  56. <p><strong>Devuan package repositories are exclusive.</strong> Other repositories, including Debian, Ubuntu, Mint etc, should NOT be used directly.</p>
  57. <p>What packages are available in Devuan? Please explore <a href=""><strong>our package repositories</strong></a>.</p>
  58. <p>Devuan recommends using the codename (jessie, ascii, beowulf, ceres) rather than the suite (oldstable, stable, testing, unstable) in <code>/etc/apt/sources.list</code> entries. Please go to <a href="/os/releases">Devuan Release Information</a> for a detailed explanation.</p>
  59. <p>Devuan has a <a href="">network of package repository mirrors</a> in place. The mirror network is accessible using the FQDN “” via <code>http</code> NOT <code>https</code>. Country Codes (CC) are currently unavailable but a specific mirror from the list can be accessed using the corresponding BaseURL.</p>
  60. <p>IMPORTANT NOTE: auto.mirror has been decommissioned. Please use in <code>/etc/apt/sources.list</code>.</p>
  61. <p>Please make sure you have the latest <a href="/os/keyring">devuan-keyring package</a> and then point your <code>/etc/apt/sources.list</code> to <code></code>. To use <code></code>, you must have <code>devuan-keyring_2017.10.03</code> or higher.</p>
  62. <h2 id="default-configurations">Default configurations</h2>
  63. <h3 id="devuan-31-beowulf-stable">Devuan 3.1 Beowulf (stable)</h3>
  64. <pre class="highlight plaintext"><code>deb beowulf main
  65. deb beowulf-updates main
  66. deb beowulf-security main
  67. </code></pre>
  68. <h3 id="devuan-21-ascii-oldstable">Devuan 2.1 ASCII (oldstable)</h3>
  69. <pre class="highlight plaintext"><code>deb ascii main
  70. deb ascii-updates main
  71. deb ascii-security main
  72. </code></pre>
  73. <h3 id="devuan-100-jessie-oldoldstable">Devuan 1.0.0 Jessie (<strong><em>oldoldstable archived</em></strong>)</h3>
  74. <pre class="highlight plaintext"><code>deb jessie main
  75. </code></pre>
  76. <h3 id="">Devuan Chimaera (testing)</h3>
  77. <pre class="highlight plaintext"><code>deb chimaera main
  78. deb chimaera-updates main
  79. deb chimaera-security main
  80. </code></pre>
  81. <h3 id="devuan-ceres-unstable">Devuan Ceres (unstable)</h3>
  82. <pre class="highlight plaintext"><code>deb ceres main
  83. </code></pre>
  84. <h3 id="access-via-tor">Access via Tor</h3>
  85. <p>We also provide access to our package repositories via Tor. Install <code>apt-transport-tor</code> and then use the following hidden services:</p>
  86. <pre class="highlight plaintext"><code>deb tor+http://devuanfwojg73k6r.onion/merged &lt;release codename&gt; main
  87. deb tor+http://devuanfwojg73k6r.onion/merged &lt;release codename&gt;-updates main
  88. deb tor+http://devuanfwojg73k6r.onion/merged &lt;release codename&gt;-security main
  89. </code></pre>
  90. <p>Note that all software shipped with Devuan in the <code>main</code> component is free software. But if needed, non-free software is also available. Just add the <code>non-free</code> and <code>contrib</code> components to the appropriate line(s) in <code>/etc/apt/sources.list</code> like this:</p>
  91. <p><code>deb beowulf main non-free contrib</code></p>
  92. <h2 id="additional-repositories">Additional repositories</h2>
  93. <h3 id="add-security-updates-default-yes">Add security updates (default: yes)</h3>
  94. <p>Security updates are <strong>strongly recommended</strong> as they provide fixes to identified vulnerabilities. Security updates automatically enter the stable release as they appear. You should activate this repository if your system can connect to the internet.</p>
  95. <pre class="highlight shell"><code><span class="c"># /etc/apt/sources.list</span>
  96. deb &lt;release codename&gt;-security main
  97. deb-src &lt;release codename&gt;-security main
  98. </code></pre>
  99. <h3 id="add-stable-updates-for-fast-release-packages-default-no">Add stable updates for fast release packages (default: no)</h3>
  100. <p><strong><em>updates</em></strong> integrate important changes from upstream. Packages in <code>updates</code> will be part of the next stable point release, but are safe to upgrade right away. If you’re using an antivirus and other similar packages that require up-to-date information, you should activate this repository.</p>
  101. <pre class="highlight shell"><code><span class="c"># /etc/apt/sources.list</span>
  102. deb &lt;release codename&gt;-updates main
  103. deb-src &lt;release codename&gt;-updates main
  104. </code></pre>
  105. <h3 id="add-stable-proposed-updates-default-no">Add stable proposed-updates (default: no)</h3>
  106. <p><strong><em>proposed-updates</em></strong> are packages that will become part of the next stable point release but are not fully tested yet. It is usually safe to use them, but we recommend not using them on production systems.</p>
  107. <pre class="highlight shell"><code><span class="c"># /etc/apt/sources.list</span>
  108. deb &lt;release codename&gt;-proposed-updates main
  109. deb-src &lt;release codename&gt;-proposed-updates main
  110. </code></pre>
  111. <h3 id="add-backports-default-no">Add backports (default: no)</h3>
  112. <p><strong><em>backports</em></strong> provides newer versions of packages already in the testing suite but linked to stable dependencies. This is useful if you prefer using newer software versions over well-tested stable versions. It is advised to disable backports and only enable to install specific packages.</p>
  113. <pre class="highlight shell"><code><span class="c"># /etc/apt/sources.list</span>
  114. deb &lt;release codename&gt;-backports main
  115. deb-src &lt;release codename&gt;-backports main
  116. </code></pre>
  117. <h3 id="add-experimental-default-no">Add experimental (default: no)</h3>
  118. <p><strong><em>experimental</em></strong> is for testing very new software. Use at your own risk.</p>
  119. <pre class="highlight shell"><code><span class="c"># /etc/apt/sources.list</span>
  120. deb experimental main
  121. deb-src experimental main
  122. </code></pre>
  123. <h3 id="primary-signing-keys">Primary Signing Keys</h3>
  124. <p>Devuan repositories are cryptographically signed using OpenPGP. The keys used to sign Devuan repositories are available in the package <code>devuan-keyring</code>. The current keys are reported below:</p>
  125. <pre class="highlight shell"><code><span class="c"># gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring /usr/share/keyrings/devuan-archive-keyring.gpg --list-keys</span>
  126. /usr/share/keyrings/devuan-archive-keyring.gpg
  127. ----------------------------------------------
  128. pub 2048R/541922FB 2014-12-02
  129. uid Devuan Repository <span class="o">(</span>Primary Devuan signing key<span class="o">)</span> &lt;;
  130. sub 2048R/4A07DF74 2014-12-02
  131. sub 4096R/19D58C5D 2016-04-26
  132. pub 4096R/B1FB3B59 2016-10-06
  133. uid Devuan ISO Toaster <span class="o">(</span>Devuan GNU+Linux<span class="o">)</span> &lt;;
  134. sub 4096R/DF41AD47 2016-10-06
  135. pub 4096R/61FC752C 2017-09-04 <span class="o">[</span>expires: 2022-09-03]
  136. uid Devuan Repository <span class="o">(</span>Amprolla3 on Nemesis<span class="o">)</span> &lt;;
  137. sub 4096R/716A235C 2017-09-04 <span class="o">[</span>expires: 2022-09-03]
  138. </code></pre>
  139. </article>
  140. </main>
  141. <p style="margin-top:-30px; margin-bottom:30px ; text-align: center;">This site is free of cookies and javascript</p>
  142. <footer class="row" id="find">
  143. <p class="row" id="copyright">Copyright © 2014-2021 <a href="" title="Learn about our fiscal sponsor"><img src="/ui/img/" style="display: inline-block; margin: 0 0.5rem -.7rem 0"> foundation</a> <span>—</span> <a rel="license" href="" title="This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.">CC-BY-SA 4.0 international</a> <span>—</span> <a title="Source code for this web" href="">site source</a> <span>—</span> <a href="/os/contact">contact</a></p>
  144. <p id="copyright" style="font-size: .8em; line-height: 100%; margin-top: -1.5em; margin-bottom: 2em">Devuan is a registered trademark of the foundation. Debian is a registered trademark of Software in the Public Interest, Inc. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.</p>
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